Received Aug 17; Accepted Dec Copyright Genius et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Several studies showed that regular gymnasium users use various dietary supplements without comprehension of their potential risks.
To determine the prevalence and dietary supplement intake and assess the awareness of supplement use among regular gymnasium users in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among regular gymnasium users in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between April and June A validated structured questionnaire was used.
The study included participants. Of these Gender based analysis showed that males were exercising more frequently than females and the type of cardiovascular exercise was more among them.
The most commonly used supplements were whey protein The reasons for taking dietary supplements were to improve body shape Most of the information about supplements was obtained from unreliable sources.
More studies are needed to better understand supplements use and their impact on health in Saudi Arabia.
Introduction The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has an expanding population in which the young constitute the majority, with an increasing number of people attending athletic activities and easy access to dietary supplements [ 1 ]. It is well documented that the use of some of these products may lead to serious health injury [ 7 ].
The regular gymnasium users are at risk resulting from taking various categories of nutritional supplements intended for athletic improvement [ 8 ]. Popularity of these supplements along with their easy access makes us question their consumption among regular gymnasium users, who engage in sports for pleasure and not monetary gain or professional benefits, in Saudi Arabia.
There was only one research discussing supplement use among professional athletic football players in Saudi Arabia that included athletes of whom The majority of participants reported improvement of health and performance as the main reason for using dietary supplements [ 2 ].
However, there is no data addressing this issue in nonprofessional athlete in Saudi Arabia.
In Beirut, Lebanon, Dietary supplements are used for different intentions such as building muscles, better health, and improving performance. Some studies have shown that people have different opinions about the use of dietary supplements [ 10 ]. Supplement users have different sources of information about the supplements they are taking.
Studies from Lebanon and Iran reported that coaches are the main source of information about dietary supplements among users [ 911 ]. This research is carried out to shed light on nonprofessional use of dietary supplements among both genders in Saudi Arabia.
Since there is no data available regarding this issue of the regular gym exercises supplement use, it is crucial to address this important topic. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from April to June A pilot study was conducted and showed that of the respondents were using supplements.
This is mainly due to difficulty faced in getting consent of female health centers. Thus, the major health centers in Riyadh were identified and those ones who were willing to participate in the study were visited.
The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. Subjects interviewed had to be gymnasium users, who engage in sports for pleasure and not monetary gain or professional benefits. Both males and females aged between 18 and 45 years being in Riyadh at the time of the study were included.
Professional athletes a person who takes sports as their main monetary gaincoaches, abusive drug users, and participants below 18 years of age or over 45 years were all excluded.
All participants signed a formal consent after being informed about the objectives of the study. An individual interview questionnaire which was previously tested in a pilot study and final version was used to collect information about demographic and socioeconomic data, lifestyle, type of supplements, measuring blood pressure, frequency, sources of information, and beliefs regarding supplements use.
Anthropometric measurements and demographic data were collected to explore the possibility of association between the consumption of dietary supplements and these parameters.
All questions and measurements were taken by the researchers themselves. Weight and height were measured using equipment available at the visited health clubs. Results The study included participants.
Table 1 shows the demographic characteristics of supplement users and nonusers. Age did not differ between the two comparison groups. Gender distribution was significantly different in the two groups with males amounting to 15 This is the first analysis in which creatine kinase levels Latin America Safety and Security key recommendations and impact analysis of various facets of the market is also Suite United States Pharmacopeia especially for long-term use of creatine and an analysis of the various use of creatine in the united states of america for use among the an analysis of the various use of.
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