Study of Politics Various Approaches Article shared by: From the days of ancient Greek political thought scholars, philosophers and political scientists have analysed, investigated various types of political issues and incidents from the standpoint of their own perspective and on the basis of the study they have arrived at conclusions and prescribed recommendations. This has inevitably led to the emergence of a number of approaches to the study of political science. Now we shall first of all try to analyse various aspects of each approach but before that we shall define approach.
Origins[ edit ] From through the s, behaviouralism gained support. It was the site of discussion between traditionalist and new emerging approaches to political science.
It moved toward research that was supported by verifiable facts. To understand political behaviour, behaviouralism uses the following methods: For example, a study of the United States Congress might include a consideration of how members of Congress behave in their positions.
However, Easton sought to differentiate between the two disciplines: It was more clearly definable by those who were opposed to it, because they were describing it in terms of the things within the newer trends that they found objectionable.
So some would define behavioralism as an attempt to apply the methods of natural sciences to human behavior. Others would define it as an excessive emphasis upon quantification. Others as individualistic reductionism.
From the inside, the practitioners were of different minds as what it was that constituted behavioralism.
Dwight Waldo emphasized that behaviouralism itself is unclear, calling it "complicated" and "obscure. Moreover, since behaviouralism is not a research tradition, but a political movement, definitions of behaviouralism follow what behaviouralists wanted. Commitment to Verification - The ability to verify ones generalizations.
Techniques - An experimental attitude toward techniques. Quantification - Express results as numbers where possible or meaningful.
Values - Keeping ethical assessment and empirical explanations distinct. Systemization - Considering the importance of theory in research. Pure Science - Deferring to pure science rather than applied science. Integration - Integrating social sciences and value.
Subsequently, much of the behavioralist approach has been challenged by the emergence of postpositivism in political particularly international relations theory.
Objectivity and value-neutrality[ edit ] According to David Easton, behaviouralism sought to be "analytic, not substantive, general rather than particular, and explanatory rather than ethical. Conservatives see the distinction between values and facts as a way of undermining the possibility of political philosophy.
He identified and rejected six basic premises and in each case argued the traditional approach was superior to behaviouralism:The traditional approaches to Political Science was widely prevalent till the outbreak of the Second World War.
These approaches were mainly related to the traditional view of politics which emphasized the study of the state and government.
INTRODUCTION Before studying different approaches to political science, it must be remembered that political science is a branch of a larger area of social sciences and is different from natural sciences.
The methods and approaches to the study of political science and other social science discipline are, therefore, different from the methods . Behaviouralism is an approach in political science, which emerged in the s in the United States.
It represents a sharp break from previous political science. This is because it emphasized an objective, quantified approach to explain and predict political behaviour.
Political theory is the study of the ideas and values concerning concepts of the state, power, individuals, groups and the relationship between them.
You can divide the approaches to political. THE TENETS OF BEURAUCRATIC APPROACH IN THE STUDY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION INTRODUCTION A bureaucracy is a way of administratively organizing large numbers of people who need to work together. Organizations in the public and private sector, including universities and governments, rely on .
The approaches to the study of politics and political system can be broadly divided into two, these are: the traditional approach and the modern approach. The modern approach is further divided into the behavioral approach and the post-behavioral approach.