Amassing An Army At Manassas On July 16,he set out with the Army of Northeastern Virginia, about 28, men, from Washington to attack the Confederate forces near Manassas, Virginia, just 25 miles away, and push them farther from the Northern capital. Beauregard had been massing the Confederate Army of the Potomac at Manassas since the spring of and had about 21, soldiers at hand.
Visit Website Did you know? The man Lee called his "right arm" was accidentally shot by his own men at Chancellorsville and died of complications relating to the injury. The cautious McDowell, then in command of the 35, Union volunteer troops gathered in the Federal capital, knew that his men were ill prepared and pushed for a postponement of the advance to give him time for additional training.
But Lincoln ordered him to begin the offensive nonetheless, reasoning correctly that the rebel army was made up of similarly amateur soldiers. Johnston, in command of some 11, rebels in the Shenandoah Valley, was able to outmaneuver a Union force in the region and march his men towards Manassas.
Over two hours, 10, Federals gradually pushed back 4, rebels across the Warrington turnpike and up Henry House Hill.
In the afternoon, both sides traded attacks and counterattacks near Henry House Hill. Among the future leaders on both sides who fought at First Manassas were Ambrose E.
Burnside and William T. Jackson, a former professor at the Virginia Military Institute, led a Virginia brigade from the Shenandoah Valley into the battle at a key moment, helping the Confederates hold an important high-ground position at Henry House Hill. Its outcome sent northerners who had expected a quick, decisive victory reeling, and gave rejoicing southerners a false hope that they themselves could pull off a swift victory.
In fact, both sides would soon have to face the reality of a long, grueling conflict that would take an unimaginable toll on the country and its people.
On the Confederate side, accusations flew between Johnston, Beauregard and President Jefferson Davis over who was to blame for the failure to pursue and crush the enemy after the battle.
McClellan, who would retrain and reorganize Union troops defending Washington into a disciplined fighting force, thereafter known as the Army of the Potomac.The battle itself was fought on July 21st, , though the Union Army began executing its movements to Virginia almost a week prior.
The Civil War divided the states in simple terms of a Union north and a Confederate south, with a couple undecided states in the middle.
John Hennessy's "First Battle of Manassas: An End To Innocence July , " presents a very readable, detailed account of the first major battle of the Civil War/War Between the States, where both sides were "green" as Lincoln put it.
Description: This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, , the untried Union army under Brig.
Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville. Battle Analysis: The Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) CDT Hayes MSL 13 April The First Battle of Bull Run, or the First Manassas (as it was called by the Confederates), was the first legitimate land battle of the American Civil War.
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