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Rafiq Elmansy 0 Comments Critical Thinking On a daily basis, we face problems and situations that should be evaluated and solved, and we are challenged to understand different perspectives to think about these situations.
Most of us are building our cognitive thinking based on previous similar situations or experiences. However, this may not guarantee a better solution for a problemas our decision may be affected by emotions, non-prioritized facts, or other external influences that reflect on the final decision.
Therefore, critical thinking tends to build a rational, open-mined process that depends on information and empirical evidence. The critical thinking process prevents our minds from jumping directly Critical thinking reading comprehension process conclusions.
Instead, it guides the mind through logical steps that tend to widen the range of perspectives, accept findings, put aside personal biases, and consider reasonable possibilities.
This can be achieved through six steps: Below is a brief description of each step and how to implement them. The 5 steps of critical thinking.
Knowledge For every problem, clear vision puts us on the right path to solve it. This step identifies the argument or the problem that needs to be solved.
Questions should be asked to acquire a deep understanding about the problem. In some cases, there is no actual problem, thus no need to move forward with other steps in the critical thinking model. The questions in this stage should be open-ended to allow the chance to discuss and explore main reasons.
At this stage, two main questions need to be addressed: What is the problem? And why do we need to solve it? Comprehension Once the problem is identified, the next step is to understand the situation and the facts aligned with it.
The data is collected about the problem using any of the research methods that can be adopted depending on the problem, the type of the data available, and the deadline required to solve it.
Application This step continues the previous one to complete the understanding of different facts and resources required to solve the problem by building a linkage between the information and resources.
Mind maps can be used to analyze the situation, build a relation between it and the core problem, and determine the best way to move forward. Analyze Once the information is collected and linkages are built between it the main problems, the situation is analyzed in order to identify the situation, the strong points, the weak points, and the challenges faced while solving the problem.
The priorities are set for the main causes and determine how they can be addressed in the solution. One of the commonly used tools that can be deployed to analyze the problem and the circumstances around it is the cause effect diagramwhich divides the problem from its causes and aims to identify the different causes and categorize them based on their type and impact on the problem.
Synthesis In this stage, once the problem is fully analyzed and all the related information is considered, a decision should be formed about how to solve the problem and the initial routes to follow to take this decision into action.
If there are number of solutions, they should be evaluated and prioritized in order to find the most advantageous solution. Take Action The final step is to build an evaluation about the problem that can be put into action.Critical reading means that a reader applies certain processes, models, questions, and theories that result in enhanced clarity and comprehension.
There is more involved, both in effort and understanding, in a critical reading than in a mere "skimming" of the text. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe.
It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. Critical reading is an active process by which a scholar rigorously and systematically questions the literature with the goal of assessing credibility and validity.
Whereas reading retention and comprehension involve remembering and understanding the main ideas, critical reading begins the process of taking action. Critical Thinking Reading Comprehension Worksheets Uploaded by Suhanto Kastaredja In this series, readers are tested on their ability to perform interpretations, make deductions, and infer the meaning of vocabulary words based on 5/5(40).
15 Of The Best Educational Apps For Improved Reading Comprehension. by TeachThought Staff. Reading comprehension is a matter of decoding, reading speed, and critical thinking about the text, all of which can improve with tiered practice.
Available in K-2 and sets, The Comprehension Toolkit series provides strategies that work to help students understand, respond to, and learn from nonfiction text, building background knowledge across the curriculum and throughout the year.
This flexible resource can be used for instruction with whole group, small group, and individuals in a variety of settings including reading workshop.