An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief usually about words descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic.
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Overview Below you will find sample annotations from annotated bibliographies, each with a different research project. Some annotations may address all three of these steps. Please keep in mind that all your text, including the write-up beneath the citation, must be indented so that the author's last name is the only text that is flush left.
Some Instructions on Writing and Life. Lamott's book offers honest advice on the nature of a writing life, complete with its insecurities and failures.
Taking a humorous approach to the realities of being a writer, the Format for annotated bibliography in Lamott's book are wry and anecdotal and offer advice on everything from plot development to jealousy, from perfectionism to struggling with one's own internal critic. In the process, Lamott includes writing exercises designed to be both productive and fun.
Lamott offers sane advice for those struggling with the anxieties of writing, but her main project seems to be offering the reader a reality check regarding writing, publishing, and struggling with one's own imperfect humanity in the process.
Chapters in this text could easily be included in the curriculum for a writing class. Several of the chapters in Part 1 address the writing process and would serve to generate discussion on students' own drafting and revising processes. Some of the writing exercises would also be appropriate for generating classroom writing exercises.
Students should find Lamott's style both engaging and enjoyable. In the sample annotation above, the writer includes three paragraphs: On not getting by in America. Henry Holt and Company.
In this book of nonfiction based on the journalist's experiential research, Ehrenreich attempts to ascertain whether it is currently possible for an individual to live on a minimum-wage in America. Taking jobs as a waitress, a maid in a cleaning service, and a Walmart sales employee, the author summarizes and reflects on her work, her relationships with fellow workers, and her financial struggles in each situation.
An experienced journalist, Ehrenreich is aware of the limitations of her experiment and the ethical implications of her experiential research tactics and reflects on these issues in the text.
The author is forthcoming about her methods and supplements her experiences with scholarly research on her places of employment, the economy, and the rising cost of living in America. The annotation above both summarizes and assesses the book in the citation.
The first paragraph provides a brief summary of the author's project in the book, covering the main points of the work. Roles of the Northern Goddess. Davidson's book provides a thorough examination of the major roles filled by the numerous pagan goddesses of Northern Europe in everyday life, including their roles in hunting, agriculture, domestic arts like weaving, the household, and death.
The author discusses relevant archaeological evidence, patterns of symbol and ritual, and previous research. The book includes a number of black and white photographs of relevant artifacts.
This annotation includes only one paragraph, a summary of the book. It provides a concise description of the project and the book's project and its major features.Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
Now supports 7th edition of MLA. An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources (like a reference list). It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation, usually – words in length.
Creating an annotated bibliography in Chicago style. Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is very similar, and is on reserve behind the IRC Desk on the Ground Floor.. General guidelines. Annotations can be merely descriptive, summarizing the authors' qualifications, research methods, and .
Annotated Bibliographies- Purdue OWL The Memorial University of Newfoundland presents these examples of both descriptive and critical annotations.
Cornell University Library offers these examples of both APA and MLA format descriptive bibliographies. In the sample annotation above, the writer includes three paragraphs: a summary, an evaluation of the text, and a reflection on its applicability to his/her own research, respectively.
For information on formatting MLA citations, see our MLA Formatting and Style Guide. Creating an annotated bibliography in APA style The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition (APA Manual) is kept behind the IRC Desk on the Ground Floor. This example is based on the APA style guide, but your instructor might give you other formatting instructions.