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We may do this because sentences are closely related in meaning and belong together, and because it is boring to read a series of short sentences that have a similar structure. The preceding sentence, by the way, is a combination of 4 sentences -- can you find them?
When we talk about combining sentences, we will often use the word clause which is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. So, we will say that the sentence I know you and you know me. A sentence that contains only one clause is called a simple sentence.
There are a number of different ways to combine sentences: Sentences can be combined by using special punctuation marks. We know that a period [.
We also know that a comma  is not strong enough to connect 2 sentences. If you use a comma to try to connect 2 sentences you will have a type of run-on sentence called a comma splice, which is not acceptable. So what kinds of puntuation marks can be used to connect sentences?
There are 3 punctuation marks that are stronger than a comma but weaker than a period, question mark, or exclamation point.
These are the dash [ -- ] colon [: A dash is used to add more information about some part of your sentence. It is rather informal and although you may see it when you read, it is better to avoid this punctuation in your writing.
A colon is also used to add more information and especially to give examples of something in the sentence. What follows a colon may be a clause He is a great athlete: A semi-colon is used to connect clauses and is the most important punctuation mark for combining sentences.
It can also be used to connect clauses together with special linking words such as however, morover, therefore which grammar books call conjunctive adverbs I think; therefore, I am.
Remember, it is the semi-colon and not the conjunctive adverb that connects the clauses. Quotation marks [ " " ] and parentheses [ ] are used to insert one sentence inside of another sentence, but this is not really sentence combination and will not be discussed here. Coordination is a way of adding sentences together.
In this type of sentence grammar books call it a compound sentence the 2 or more sentences clauses which are combined are equal partners. One clause is not more important than the other grammatically.
Words that connect clauses in this way are called coordinating conjunctions and the most common ones are: Subordination is a way of combining sentences that makes one sentence more important than the other. One sentence is under the other sentence sub means under. Sentences that use subordination grammar books call them complex sentences have a main clause or independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses or dependent clauses.
One or more of the sentences being combined is reduced from an independent clause to a dependent clause by adding such words as when, although, if called subordinating conjunctions or such words as who, what, that called relative pronouns.
Depending on its function, a subordinate clause can be classified as a: We can go one step beyond reducing one of the sentences to a subordinate clause. We can reduce it to less than clause.
We can reduce it to a phrase a group of words without both a subject and verb. A sentence may be reduced to a: The boy was scared by the movie. The boy began to cry. She saw the movie star in the restaurant.
There was a story in the newspaper. The story was interesting.
In apposition, we take a word or phrase and place it in a parallel position to a noun in the sentence. An appositive is like a parenthetical statement surrounded not by parentheses but by commas.INDEPENDENT & DEPENDENT CLAUSES: COORDINATION & SUBORDINATION.
however, you will often want to combine simple sentences using coordination to create compound sentences. You can choose one of two methods: In contrast to an independent clause, a dependent clause is incomplete; it is a type of sentence fragment.
(For more information. COORDINATION: THE COMPOUND SENTENCE grammar packet. Combine the following sentences into one compound-complex sentence by using the rules or sentence combining and fixing punctuation and adding subordinating conjunctions: She could not talk. She used sign language for speech.
She used a special typewriter to write. What is a coordinating conjunction? Coordinating conjunctions coordinate or join two or more sentences, main clauses, words, or other parts of speech which are of the same syntactic importance.
Also known as coordinators, coordinating conjunctions are used to give equal emphasis to a pair of main clauses. At its most basic form, Marijuana is a shredded plant, and the typical form found on the streets is leaves, stems, and seeds that are all shredded up into flakes (think Oregano).
Clauses joined by coordination are main clauses or coordinate clauses, and a sentence containing two or more clauses linked by coordination is called a compound sentence; this acts in contrast to subordination, which joins the main clause of a sentence with a subordinate clause.
NOTES: Grammar as Rhetoric and Style: Coordination in the Compound Sentence • Coordination puts equal value or significance on two or more parts of a sentence • Coordination can be used to join sentences, phrases words and even independent clauses.
• When coordination is used to combine two sentences it creates a compound sentence. • Coordination conjunctions.