She lacked any significant foreign policy experience and entrusted the post of Foreign Secretary to Lord Carrington, a hereditary peer who had served under every Conservative Prime Minister since Churchill. It was the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands in April that thrust foreign affairs into the limelight, and Thatcher soon adapted to the role of war leader.
Visit Website Did you know? The term 'cold war' first appeared in a essay by the English writer George Orwell called 'You and the Atomic Bomb.
The Atomic Age The containment strategy also provided the rationale for an unprecedented arms buildup in the United States. To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending. Visit Website In particular, American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons like the ones that had ended World War II.
In response, President Truman announced that the United States would build an even more destructive atomic weapon: As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high.
The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be. It created a square-mile fireball that vaporized an island, blew a huge hole in the ocean floor and had the power to destroy half of Manhattan.
Subsequent American and Soviet tests spewed poisonous radioactive waste into the atmosphere. The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on American domestic life as well.
People built bomb shelters in their backyards. They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places. The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures. In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension Reasons for the cold war the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets.
In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U. Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway.
That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.
Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U. Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system.
The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well.
In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another.
More than people lost their jobs. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted.
The Cold War Abroad The fight against subversion at home mirrored a growing concern with the Soviet threat abroad. Many American officials feared this was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world and deemed that nonintervention was not an option.
Truman sent the American military into Korea, but the war dragged to a stalemate and ended in Other international disputes followed.
In the early s, President Kennedy faced a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere. However, what was intended to be a brief military action spiraled into a year conflict.
The Close of the Cold War Almost as soon as he took office, President Richard Nixon began to implement a new approach to international relations. To that end, he encouraged the United Nations to recognize the communist Chinese government and, after a trip there inbegan to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing.
Inhe and Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT Iwhich prohibited the manufacture of nuclear missiles by both sides and took a step toward reducing the decades-old threat of nuclear war. Like many leaders of his generation, Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere.
As a result, he worked to provide financial and military aid to anticommunist governments and insurgencies around the world. This policy, particularly as it was applied in the developing world in places like Grenada and El Salvador, was known as the Reagan Doctrine. Soviet influence in Eastern Europe waned.
Inevery other communist state in the region replaced its government with a noncommunist one. In November of that year, the Berlin Wall—the most visible symbol of the decades-long Cold War—was finally destroyed, just over two years after Reagan had challenged the Soviet premier in a speech at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin: Gorbachev, tear down this wall.
The Cold War was over. Start your free trial today.The Cold War was the war that was never declared. The Cold War Museum is a traveling display of Cold War items and information founded by U-2 spy-plane pilot Frances Gary Powers.
Be sure to check out the Cold War Quiz and the info on the "Spy Tour" of Washington, D.C. John Kennedy was a Cold Warrior who escalated American involvement in Vietnam, and believed in the Domino Theory of communist expansion.
Mar 25, · Under the surface, the Cold War wasn’t all that cold. All the key players backed campaigns of espionage and even murder. In this environment, assassins flourished like never before. As deadly killers ranged across the world, everyone was a suspect and . There is rarely one single, clear cause of conflict and, ultimately, war.
The causes of a war are usually numerous, and several reasons for a conflict can be intertwined in a complicated way. Citation: C N Trueman "Causes of the Cold War in " regardbouddhiste.com The History Learning Site, 25 May 15 Nov Mar 05, · Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.
I cover defense and national security. Share to facebook Share to twitter Share to linkedin America is .