Its land mass encompasses 42, square milessquare kilometersbordered by Mexico to the north and west, El Salvador and Honduras to the south and east, the Pacific Ocean along its West Coast, and Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the north and east. The southern half of the Republic of Guatemala mainly consists of beautiful mountain highlands and plateaus, which are susceptible to devastating earthquakes. There is also a narrow Pacific coastal plain and a small Caribbean lowland area. Most of Guatemala's population and its major cities, including the capital, Guatemala City, are located in the southern region.
The federal government of the United States is set up by the Constitution. There are three branches. They are the executive branchthe legislative branchand the judicial branch.
State governments and the federal government work in very similar ways. Each state has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The executive branch of a state government is led by a governorinstead of a president.
Executive branch[ change change source ] The executive branch is the part of the government that enforces the law.
Members of the U. Electoral College elect a president who is the leader of the executive branch, as well as the leader of the armed forces. The president may veto a bill that the Congress has passed, so it does not become a law.
The President may also make "executive orders" to ensure that people follow the law. The president is in charge of many departments that control much of the day-to-day actions of government. For example, Department of Commerce makes rules about trade.
The president chooses the heads of these departments, and also nominates federal judges. However, the Senatepart of the legislative branch, must agree with all of the people the president chooses. The president may serve two 4-year terms. The legislative branch is called the United States Congress.
Congress is divided into two "houses". One house is the House of Representatives. The Representatives are each elected by voters from a set area within a state. The number of Representatives a state has is based on how many people live there. Representatives serve two-year terms. The total number of representatives today is The leader of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House.
The other house is the Senate. In the Senate, each state is represented equally, by two senators. Because there are 50 states, there are senators. The President's treaties or appointments of officials need the Senate's approval. Senators serve six-year terms. In practice, the vice president is usually absent from the Senate, and a senator serves as president pro temporeor temporary president, of the Senate.The United States of America is a vast country in North regardbouddhiste.com borders on Canada to the north and Mexico to the south, and has a land area of about million km 2 (about half the size of Russia and about the same size as China).It also has the world's third-largest population, with more than million people.
It includes densely populated cities with sprawling suburbs and vast. The United States of America is a vast country in North regardbouddhiste.com borders on Canada to the north and Mexico to the south, and has a land area of about million km 2 (about half the size of Russia and about the same size as China).It also has the world's third-largest population, with more than million people.
It includes densely populated cities with sprawling suburbs and vast. Immigration to the United States is the international movement of non-U.S.
nationals in order to reside permanently in the country. Lawful Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the U.S. history.
Because the United States is a settler colonial society, all Americans, with the exception of the small percent of Native Americans, can trace.
A number of major laws and court decisions relating to immigration procedures and enforcement have been enacted for the United States.
The United States of America (commonly referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, or America) is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal regardbouddhiste.com country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to.
IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES Until , the United States did not keep separate statistics on the number of immigrants from Guatemala, and figures .