Background[ edit ] The Nye Committee hearings between and and several best-selling books of the time, like H.
Grolier Online Discover the content connection—the definitive, fully integrated database collection and online research portal. It includes seven encyclopedia databases: The United States Turns Inward: Private concerns preoccupied most Americans during the s until the Great Depression of the next decade, when increasing numbers turned, in their collective misfortune, to government for solutions to economic problems that challenged the very basis of U.
By the s innovative forces thrusting into American life were creating a new way of living. The automobile and the hard-surfaced road produced mobility and a blurring of the traditional rural-urban split. The radio and motion pictures inaugurated a national culture, one built on new, urban values.
The Nineteenth Amendment gave women the vote in national politics and symbolized their persistence in efforts to break out of old patterns of domesticity. The war had accelerated their entrance into business, industry, and the professions and their adoption of practices, such as drinking and smoking, traditionally considered masculine.
So, too, young people turned to new leaders and values and sought unorthodox dress, recreations, and morals. The adoption of prohibition in with ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment had been a victory of Yankee moral values over those of immigrants, but now many of the great cities practically ignored the measure.
The Russian Revolution of and the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics sent a Red Scare shivering through the country in ; suspicion centered on labor unions as alleged instruments of Moscow.
The Ku Klux Klan, stronger in the northern Republican countryside than in the South, attacked the so-called New Negro, who returned from the fighting in France with a new sense of personal dignity the Harlem Renaissance expressed this spirit through the artsand the millions of Roman Catholics and Jews who had been flooding into the country since the s.
The Immigration Law of established a quota system that discriminated against all groups except northern and western Europeans. In the spectacular Scopes Trial in Dayton, Tenn.
New ideas, however, continued to inundate the country, and optimism remained high. Charles Lindbergh's solo flight to Paris in seemed to capture the spirit of the age. The business community was praised for its values and productivity. Henry Ford and his system of cheap mass production of automobiles for people of modest incomes was regarded as symbolic of the new era.
Three Republican presidents occupied the White House during the s. Warren Harding, a conservative, was swept into office by a landslide victory in He proved an inept president, and his administration was racked by scandals, including that of Teapot Dome. Calvin Coolidge, who succeeded to the office on Harding's deathworshiped business as much as he detested government.
Herbert Hoover, an engineer, brought to the presidency a deep faith in the essential soundness of capitalism, which to him represented the fullest expression of individualism. In the U. The stock market crash of October initiated a long economic decline that accelerated into a world catastrophe, the Depression of the s.
By14 million Americans were unemployed, industrial production was down to one-third of its level, and national income had dropped by more than half. In the presence of deep national despair, Democratic challenger Franklin D.
Roosevelt easily defeated Hoover in the presidential election. After his inauguration, the New Deal exploded in a whirlwind of legislation. A new era commenced in American history, one in which a social democratic order similar to that of Western European countries appeared.
The federal government under Roosevelt and the presidency itself experienced a vast expansion in its authority, especially over the economy. Roosevelt had a strong sense of community; he distrusted unchecked individualism and sympathized with suffering people.
The role of History of the United States Army in the history of the United States of America. The United States Turns Inward: the s and s. After its participation in the conflagration then known as the Great War, the American nation was ready to turn inward and concentrate on domestic affairs (a "return to normalcy," as presidential candidate Warren Harding called it). The Neutrality Acts of the ’s were a series of laws passed by Congress to subside the growing turmoil in Asia and Europe—feuds that eventually led to World War II. The Neutrality Acts ultimately spawned out of America’s willingness to practice non-interventionism and isolationism.
He nourished, however, no brooding rancor against the U. He sought to save capitalism, not supplant it. Recovery was Roosevelt's first task. In the First New Deal he attempted to muster a spirit of emergency and rally all interests behind a common effort in which something was provided for everyone.
Excessive competition and production were blamed for the collapse. Therefore, business proprietors and farmers were allowed to cooperate in establishing prices that would provide them with a profitable return and induce an upward turn under the National Recovery Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration.
Byhowever, 10 million were still unemployed, the economy seemed lodged at a new plateau, and the U. Supreme Court was ruling such agencies unconstitutional.
The Second New Deal was more antibusiness and proconsumer.Dec 14, · When Ajit Pai was named FCC chairman earlier this year, shortly into the start of the Trump administration, he quickly made it a goal to reverse the net neutrality . Get an answer for 'Why did the Neutrality Acts prove ineffective in the conditions of the s?' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes.
The Neutrality Acts were passed by the United States Congress in the s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War regardbouddhiste.com were spurred by the growth in isolationism and non-interventionism in the US following its costly involvement in World War I, and sought to ensure that the US would not become entangled again in foreign conflicts.
Neutrality Acts of s.
The Neutrality Acts were passed by the United States Congress in the s, in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to World War II.
The United States Turns Inward: the s and s. After its participation in the conflagration then known as the Great War, the American nation was ready to turn inward and concentrate on domestic affairs (a "return to normalcy," as presidential candidate Warren Harding called it).
16 October Conservatives are re-elected. The Conservatives, benefiting from British success in the Boer War, and from splits in the Liberal Party, were returned to power.