At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Thomson had heart problems and nearly died when he was 9 years old.
He attended the Royal Belfast Academical Institutionwhere his father was a professor in the university department, before beginning study at Glasgow University in at the age of 10, not out of any precociousness; the University provided many of the facilities of an elementary school for able pupils, and this was a typical starting age.
In school, Thomson showed a William thomson 1st baron interest in the classics along with his natural interest in the sciences. Throughout his life, he would work on the problems raised in the essay as a coping strategy during times of personal stress. These lines inspired Thomson to understand the natural world using the power and method of science: The book motivated Thomson to write his first published scientific paper  under the pseudonym P.
In Thomson graduated as Second Wrangler. Robert Leslie Ellisone of the examiners, is said to have declared to another examiner "You and I are just about fit to mend his pens.
The study of mathematicsphysics, and in particular, of electricity, had captivated his imagination. He also devised the mathematical technique of electrical images, which became a powerful agent in solving problems of electrostatics, the science which deals with the forces between electrically charged bodies at rest.
It was partly in response to his encouragement that Faraday undertook the research in September that led to the discovery of the Faraday effectwhich established that light and magnetic and thus electric phenomena were related.
He was elected a fellow of St. At twenty-two he found himself wearing the gown of a learned professor in one of the oldest Universities in the country, and lecturing to the class of which he was a first year student but a few years before.
Thermodynamics[ edit ] ByThomson had already gained a reputation as a precocious and maverick scientist when he attended the British Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting in Oxford. Joule argued for the mutual convertibility of heat and mechanical work and for their mechanical equivalence.
Thomson was intrigued but sceptical. He predicted that the melting point of ice must fall with pressureotherwise its expansion on freezing could be exploited in a perpetuum mobile.
Experimental confirmation in his laboratory did much to bolster his beliefs. Inhe extended the Carnot—Clapeyron theory still further through his dissatisfaction that the gas thermometer provided only an operational definition of temperature.
Such a scale would be quite independent of the physical properties of any specific substance. Thomson used data published by Regnault to calibrate his scale against established measurements.
In his publication, Thomson wrote: Surprisingly, Thomson did not send Joule a copy of his paper, but when Joule eventually read it he wrote to Thomson on 6 October, claiming that his studies had demonstrated conversion of heat into work but that he was planning further experiments. Thomson replied on 27 October, revealing that he was planning his own experiments and hoping for a reconciliation of their two views.
In February he sat down to articulate his new thinking. However, he was uncertain of how to frame his theory and the paper went through several drafts before he settled on an attempt to reconcile Carnot and Joule.
During his rewriting, he seems to have considered ideas that would subsequently give rise to the second law of thermodynamics.
Moreover, his theological beliefs led to speculation about the heat death of the universe.William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (–) was a Scottish-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer, an outstanding leader in the physical sciences of the 19th century.
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (better known simply as Lord Kelvin), OM, GCVO, PC, PRS, FRSE, lived from 26 June to 17 December He was a noted physicist and engineer.
The wider picture in Scotland at the time is set out in our Historical Timeline. William Thomson was a renowned physicist from Britain who formulated the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics and invented the Kelvin scale of temperature. To know more about his childhood, career, profile and temperature read onPlace Of Birth: Belfast.
William Thomson, Baron Kelvin: William Thomson, Baron Kelvin, Scottish engineer, mathematician, and physicist who profoundly influenced the scientific thought of his generation.
He was foremost among the small group of British scientists who helped lay the foundations of modern physics. Learn more about Thomson’s life and work.
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin of Largs Biography Academic, Physicist, Scientist (–) Lord Kelvin was an Irish physicist who developed a temperature scale based on absolute zero, named Born: Jun 26, William Thomson Kelvin, 1st Baron, –, British mathematician and physicist, b.
Belfast. He was professor of natural philosophy at the Univ. of Glasgow (–99). He is known especially for his work on heat and electricity.